Protecting against cyber crime
Malware, spyware, ransomware, botnets, cryptolocker … the terminology of computer hacking is enough to give the owner of any small or medium business a coronary.
They are words a Virginia Beach IT expert used liberally during a Hampton Roads Chamber of Commerce event in North Suffolk Tuesday.
Martin Joseph is president of 360IT Partners, which sets up and then manages computer systems for small to medium businesses; he was guest speaker at the Chamber’s Suffolk Membership Committee meeting, held at Old Dominion University’s Tri-Cities Center.
The talk came as things like the Edward Snowden-National Security Administration leaks, and theft from Target of the personal and bank information of 40 million customers, have placed cyber security and big data front and center.
“The Internet has become somewhat of a cesspool for criminals, and the criminals are smarter than our law enforcement,” Joseph warned. “Quite frankly, there’s become so much criminal activity, the law enforcement says they can’t take care of it in time.”
Sixty percent of small businesses close within six months of a data breach, according to a study Joseph cited.
Folks need to be careful before clicking on anything, he said. “Question everything.”
Joseph described various strategies employed by cyber criminals, including:
- Cryptolockers, in which, for instance, criminals encrypt one’s files, then demand a $300 ransom to decode them. “This is mostly coming out of Eastern Europe,” Joseph said.
- Botnets, which can involve hackers taking over one’s computer for a spam email campaign.
- Malware, a catch-all phrase for software used to disrupt computer operations, gather personal or sensitive information, or get inside a private IT system. “Two million a month are being released on a global basis,” according to Joseph.
- Wi-Fi networks: Joseph said criminals often set up a network at a hotel using the hotel’s name, which guests mistake for the hotel’s Wi-Fi. Consequently, he said, the criminal “sees every key you strike.”
- Smartphone apps — “The Android market (in particular) is just littered with people that are looking to compromise you,” Joseph said.
The IT entrepreneur drew gasps when he described one example of ransomware: An app allowed users to download and view pornography, then used their smartphone’s camera to record them consuming the material. They then were advised that images or video of them would be distributed to their contact list unless a ransom was paid.
Joseph recommended caution when downloading apps. For instance, he said, something’s probably up if a flashlight app requests access to your phone’s location.
“These criminals, they are not fishing with poles, they are fishing with nets,” he said.
Joseph’s main messages were to exercise caution before clicking or downloading, and to use various anti-virus and patch management software to create a firewall.