A great civil-rights legacy
By Gene Motley
North Carolina lost a treasure recently with the passing of Durham civil rights activist Ann Atwater.
Atwater, who was 80 at her death, was probably best known for the relationship she forged with a man who began their association as her enemy, Claiborne Paul “C.P.” Ellis, former head of the Durham chapter of the Ku Klux Klan back in the 1970s.
But the scope of her influence goes beyond that.
A teenage mother, Atwater moved to Durham in the 1950s to work in the tobacco mills, and the circumstances of her poverty gave birth to her activism.
Her fight for justice began at home, where she lived in dilapidated housing with no electricity. In the 1960s, determined to rise above her circumstances, Atwater joined an anti-poverty program, Operation Breakthrough, and began fighting for better housing for blacks in Durham.
As her reputation grew, Atwater would later lead Durham United for Community Improvement.
In 1971, when Durham schools were first desegregated, Atwater and Ellis, a former gas station attendant, were thrown together as part of a charrette — several days of meetings to ease tensions in the town.
They were enemies, and it was reported that Atwater had once pulled a knife on Ellis and threatened to kill him.
Yet, oddly — awkwardly — the pair would eventually become friends in the fight to desegregate Durham schools.
They came to realize what they had in common: They wanted their children to attend schools free of violence.
“Here we were,” she later wrote, “two people from the far end of the fence, having identical problems, except my being black and him being white … we cussed each other, bawled each other, we even hated each other. But the amazing thing was we didn’t know each other. We didn’t know we had things in common.”
The two antagonists eventually learned to work together and, to everyone’s astonishment, became good friends. Moving past race, they began to focus on the other issues.
Ellis came to realize that blacks weren’t suppressing poor whites, and that the two groups shared problems. Atwater had made Ellis question his way of thinking of blacks. By the end of the charrette, at a live press conference, Ellis burned his KKK membership card.
Atwater and Ellis are featured in Durham’s new Civil Rights History mural, near downtown in the Bull City. There’s even been a book and a play written about the two; and this fall, Taraji P. Henson of “Empire” will portray Ellis in a new motion picture about how Atwater and Ellis’ relationship evolved.
It may be hard for some people to believe two divergent personalities came together decades ago in one room to talk about bringing kids together in a classroom — harder still for some folks to imagine that happening in 2016, but that was very much a part of 1970s reality.
Jonathan Wilson-Hartgrove, director of the School for Conversion, was a close friend of Atwater’s in her later years and was by her side when she passed away. He said Atwater’s life lessons could teach folks a lot today.
“She knew people who aren’t supposed to be friends could be friends,” he said. “The legacy she leaves here is a woman who showed us you can love your enemy.”
In 2013, confined to a wheelchair, Atwater said she was still a fighter.
“I’m not running the streets and fighting because I fell and broke my leg, and I’m not able to get out, but I can still holler at folks,” she said.
Still hollering … that’s quite an endowment to leave to the world.
Gene Motley is a staff writer at Roanoke-Chowan Publications. Contact him at email@example.com or 252-332-7211.